Resilience in African-American and Caucasian Caregivers of Family Members with Alzheimer's Disease or Related Dementia (ADRD)
The objectives of this study were to compare resilience in African-American and Caucasian caregivers of family members with ADRD; examine resilience when caregiver strain, and memory and functional status of the family member was statistically controlled; compare differences in selected sociodemographic variables and caregiver strain; and to describe study variables predictive of resilience . The Family Resiliency Model of Stress, Adjustment, and Adaptation was the theoretical framework for this investigation. The sample included 52 African-American and 30 Caucasian caregivers of family members with ADRD from a large metropolitan area. The majority of the participants completed the study via telephone. Data analysis of scores from the Resilience Scale [RS], the Caregiver Strain Index [CSI], and the Blessed Dementia Scale [C2A] as well as items from the researcher developed Family Member Caregiver Form were analyzed via descriptive statistics, t-test, analysis of variance and covariance as well as regression analysis. African-American caregivers had higher resilience scores than Caucasians. Resilience scores were not influenced by caregiver strain or functional status of the family member with ADRD. African-American female caregivers scored much higher than Caucasian male caregivers. Gender was a significant sociodemographic variable in examining caregiver strain. Age, ethnicity, and gender were predictors of resilience in caregivers of family members with ADRD. Resilience in African-American caregivers of family members with ADRD may be attributed to cultural values and gender role theory. Information from this study supports further investigation of perceptions of resilience in caregivers of ADRD family members.
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